Types of wood: how to choose the right one for your home

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / IN/EX ARCHITECTURE

In a house, wood is always welcome, in addition to bringing sensations of comfort and warmth to the environment, it makes the space much more sophisticated. Wood combines with different styles of decoration and has different functions. It can either be present in its natural characteristics or in industrialized forms.

The various types of wood present differences in their colors, textures, strength and durability. Therefore, they can be used in different elements in a house according to their specificities.

Some types of wood are more suitable for civil construction and are used as main or secondary structures. Others can be used in the decorative and functional part of the house, such as windows, doors, shutters, floors, ceilings, panels and panelling. Or, even, some types of wood are ideal for the manufacture of furniture.

If you are thinking of using some types of wood in your home, whether in construction or decoration, but are unsure which type to choose, check out the most used woods below, their main characteristics and uses:

Natural woods

Wood in its natural form is distinguished by its durability and strength. In addition, its appearance stands out in spaces with exuberant beauty. It is widely used in the construction and manufacture of elegant and durable furniture. If it is your main choice, it is worth knowing some types of wood available and their characteristics:

Angelic

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / AMATA BRAZIL

Easy to work with. Allows a good finish and guarantees durable furniture. It has a fibrous appearance with a coarse texture and is distinguished by its light reddish-brown tone or dark with dark spots.

Aroeira

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGICAL RESEARCH

It is a slightly pinkish wood. It has a somewhat glossy and smooth surface. Widely used for fences, sleepers and in construction – in beams, slats, rafters and floors. It can also be used for furniture and turned parts.

Oak

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / MAJOFESA MADEIRAS

It is one of the most versatile and durable types of wood, and widely used in the construction of floors, cabinets, panels and furniture. Its appearance is usually a dark reddish hue. It goes well with a more contemporary to a more traditional style of decor.

Cedar

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGICAL RESEARCH

With a reddish brown color, it is used for the manufacture of tables, chairs, cabinets, beds, benches, windows, frames and doors. It is durable, resistant to insects and moisture, so it can be used both indoors and outdoors.

Cherry tree

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGICAL RESEARCH

With a light yellowish brown tone and moderate shine, its main characteristics are durability, softness and beauty. This wood is widely used for the manufacture of high quality decorative furniture, in addition to window frames, paneling, ceilings and panels.

Cumaru

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / AMATA BRAZIL

It has high resistance to fungi and termites, which guarantees excellent durability. It can be applied both inside and outside of buildings. Commonly used for beams, frames, ceilings and floors, accepts polishing, painting and varnishing. Its robustness combines with rustic and industrial decorations.

Freijó

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGICAL RESEARCH

With a light brownish-yellowish tone, it may have blackish spots and streaks. Freijó has a glossy surface and is therefore a high quality wood for fine furniture. In construction, it is used in doors, shutters, frames, paneling, moldings, panels, ceilings and laths.

Guabão

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGICAL RESEARCH

A heavy, light yellow wood. In construction, it is applied to beams, rafters and door cladding. Inside the house, it can be applied to panels, paneling, ceilings, floors and furniture. It has low resistance to fungi and termites.

Imbuia

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGICAL RESEARCH

Its hue varies, usually with the presence of dark veins. Widely used for the manufacture of luxury furniture and also for interior decoration with decorative panels, partitions and paneling. It receives varnish and paint well. In construction, it always appears as beams, slats, rafters and doors.

Ipe

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGICAL RESEARCH

Hard wood, brownish-brown tone and greenish reflections. It is used in beams, rafters, frames, baseboards, ceilings and paneling. It can also be applied as planks, parquet, parquet or stairs. It has high quality for decorative furniture parts.

Itaúba

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGICAL RESEARCH

Dark greenish-brown in color, without drawings and with little shine. It is difficult to be worked, however, it provides a good finish. Used for beams, rafters, trusses, jambs and windows. For floors, it is indicated as planks or clubs. It can also be seen in furniture manufacturing.

Rosewood

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGICAL RESEARCH

In addition to its beauty, rosewood also offers quality, durability and resistance to insect and moisture attack. It is used in furniture, always with a rustic and elegant touch to the environments. It is also used in decorative panels and thin coatings.

blonde

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGICAL RESEARCH

It has medium resistance to fungi and termites. It is usually used for the manufacture of general utility and decorative furniture. Also used for jambs, doors, windows, panels, ceilings, slats and as secondary parts of structures.

Walnut

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / MAJOFESA MADEIRAS

It is one of the most durable woods and has an excellent natural finish. It has a great versatility of use, used in the manufacture of high quality furniture, doors, floors and panels.

demolition wood

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / COCOON DESIGN

Demolition wood is natural wood reused from old parts or buildings, which after treatment is ready to be used again. Its appearance is great for projects with a rustic look.

Mahogany

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGICAL RESEARCH

Its unmistakable shade is a reddish brown. It has high stability, durability and resistance to fungi and termites. Easy to work, it is a noble and sophisticated wood. Suitable for furniture, decorative panels, internal coatings, paneling and shutters.

Pine

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGICAL RESEARCH

It is a durable and resistant wood. Its light color is great for a clean or minimalist decor. It is used as slats, lining boards, concrete formwork, baseboards, furniture structure and shelves.

pine

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / AMATA BRAZIL

It is reforested and easy to work with. It has multiple applications, such as slats, baseboards and linings. Also recommended for the manufacture of furniture, shelves and shelves. Its clear and soft tone is great for environments with classic or retro trends.

industrial woods

Industrial wood types are widely used for furniture and decorations. The main advantage of these types, compared to natural woods, are their reduced cost and the preservation of forests. Learn about the main types available and the advantages and disadvantages of each:

agglomerate

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / ESMORIZ PLATE

It is formed by mixing wood residues and then pressing. It accepts paint and varnish well and is used for the manufacture of furniture and drawers. Its main advantage is low cost, however, it has low resistance to moisture, supports light weight and has a short durability.

Laminate plywood

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / VIMASA

It is made with several sheets of wood, of the same thickness, successively glued to form sheets. It has good mechanical strength and is used in the manufacture of furniture and shelves.

Plywood

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / EULIDE

It consists of sheets with cut wooden battens that are glued side by side in one direction. This board is more resistant and has a lower degree of warping. It is suitable for the production of doors and furniture structures.

HDF

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / BERNECK

These are wood fibers that undergo a binding process with a lot of pressure. The sheets are homogeneous and have a uniform surface. Can be painted, varnished and laminated. Withstands weight and spans longer spans without the need for reinforcements, allows for cuts and notches, and is good for furniture backs and sides. HDF is more expensive than MDF.

MDF

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / MDF HOUSE

It is a panel produced by agglutinating wood fibers with synthetic resin and additives. It is homogeneous, without layers. Its surface is ideal for applying paint, varnish, lacquer and laminates. MDF allows furniture with rounded shapes and parts. It is widely used to manufacture furniture, sides and bottom of drawers. It has high resistance to warping.

MDP

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / DELL ANNO

These are layers of overlapping wood particles, with the largest placed in the center of the sheet and the thinnest on the surfaces. It is used for residential and commercial furniture, preferably straight. It has good stability and guarantees a good finish. In addition, it has good hardware fixation, less moisture absorption compared to MDF and a cheaper price.

THE B

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / ESMORIZ PLATE

It is a board composed of pressed wooden strips. As it is a rough material, it only accepts application of varnish and paint. These sheets are used in panels, building siding and furniture. It is moisture resistant and can be used outdoors.

20 types of wood used in environments

The various types of wood can have many uses and be used in various components of a house, from its structure to decorative and furniture elements. Because wood is very versatile, it can be used in different styles of decoration, from the most rustic to the most contemporary. Be amazed by the different uses of different types of wood:

1. House with ipe and freijó

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / GEBARA CONDE SINISGALLI ARCHITECTS

With an asymmetrical shape, this house uses wood such as ipê and freijó for the roof structure, frames and for the deck that surrounds the existing tree.

2. The versatility of wood

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / STUDIO GUILHERME TORRES

Wood is very versatile, as you can see in this photo. In this project, different types were used in the windows, on the floor (for the floor and for the boards) and on the ceiling.

3. Cumaru for the pergola

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / PAULA MAGNANI

Some types of natural wood, such as cumaru, can be used outside the house. Here, wood composes the deck and pergola, creating a great environment for rest and relaxation.

4. House in freijo wood

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / JACOBSEN ARCHITECTURE

This house uses wood as a structure for the roof, ceilings and frames. Wood is used to compose various beams, which also play a key role in the lighting effect of the house.

5. Room with various types of wood

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / STUDIO MK27

Different types of wood make up this environment. Wood is used in the lining, in joinery furniture and in prominent pieces such as the table.

6. Ipê panels on the facade

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / ARCHITECTS SQUAD

The facade of this house is made of ipê slatted panels. When opened, they provide movement, and when closed, they camouflage the openings and transform into a large wooden panel.

7. White oak and MDF panels

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / DOOB ARCHITECTURE

In this small apartment, the use of different types of wood makes a difference. Oak appears on the floor, and white laminate MDF appears to make a shelf for decor and a table.

8. Headboard of demolition wood bed

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / TRIPLEX ARCHITECTURE

In the bedroom, wood always refers to more comfort. This large headboard is made of demolition wood . The various brown tones of the wood stand out with the fish scale layout.

9. Freijo wood panels

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / MARTINS VALENTE

In this apartment, the highlight goes to the panels and the freijó wood door. The texture of the wood makes the environment much more cozy and sophisticated.

10. Pinus panel for the room

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / STUDIO DLUX

The decoration of this apartment has neutral tones, with an emphasis on pine wood. In the living room, the large panel of this type of wood houses the TV and camouflages the door to the intimate area of ​​the house.

11. Cumaru lining

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / SOLANGE CALIO ARCHITECTS

On this balcony, the wood contrasts with the metallic structure and creates a cozy atmosphere. The ceiling and floor are in cumaru wood.

12. MDF in the kitchen

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / ARCHITECTS GALLERY

Industrial types of wood are widely used for custom furniture, especially in kitchens. This kitchen has MDF cabinets lined with freijó leaves.

13. Plywood and OSB

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / STUDIO DLUX

With lower costs, some types of industrial wood are also great for furniture. In this room, the TV cabinet and the central table were made with plywood, and the bench below the window uses the OSB.

14. Wood for decoration

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / TRIPLEX ARCHITECTURE

Here, wood appears in many elements of the decoration: on the living room panel, on the MDF TV furniture, on the chairs and even on the side table, with a more rustic appearance.

15. Itauba counter

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / VIDAL & SANT’ANNA ARQUITETURA

Here the wood used is itaúba, both on the counter and on the floor. The entire structure of the house is also made of wood.

16. MDF slatted panels and furniture

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / URBHÁ STUDIO – ARCHITECTURE

In this small apartment, the MDF furniture guarantees the flexibility required by the small dimensions. The slatted panel also made of MDF separates the environments.

17. Wood for the bedroom

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / JACOBSEN ARCHITECTURE

In this room, the various types of wood in darker tones, such as walnut, for example, give the cozy touch of comfort. Wood is used as a beam in the ceiling, as a headboard, furniture and window frames.

18. Panels with various types of wood

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / DAVID GUERRA ARCHITECTURE AND INTERIORS

The wall cladding mixes several types of wood, including cedar, to create a variety of patterns. The table is made of demolition wood .

19. Wood on the wall and ceiling

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / JACOBSEN ARCHITECTURE

The wooden wall cladding joins with the ceiling. Together they standardize and unify the environment. The niche in the wall serves as a space for decoration. Wood is also used in the dining table and side support.

20. Pinus Slats

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / URBHÁ STUDIO – ARCHITECTURE

The pine slats, of different sizes, compose the headboard of this bed that goes to the ceiling, forming a portico. The light color of the pine harmonizes with the colorful and youthful decor of the room.

So that there is no doubt, one last tip: when choosing, the most important thing is to think about where you want to apply the wood and the characteristics that are essential for you and your family.
For sure, it’s now much easier to get the right types of wood for your home!

 

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